The island of the sun, volcan and sea and the explosive volcanoes...
With more than 26000 square meters, Sicily is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea and it’s one of the most fascinating places in Europe.
Sicily is an island separated from the Italian peninsula by the Strait of Messina. It is also quite close to Malta and to the African continent. Sicily is surrounded by small islands and archipelagos: the Aeolian, the Egadi, the Pelagie, Pantelleria and Ustica.
The climate is generally moderate, with the exception of Mount Etna at 3324 mts above sea level where temperature can reach -20°C / -4°F. Sicily is a very ancient land and you can trace it’s fascinating past in its beautiful cities. You can see Greek influences in Agrigento Temples and in Syracuse, one of the largest Hellenic polis in the world.
Messina has Greek origins but, as well as many Sicilian cities, shows traces of other colonisations (Roman, Byzantine, Arab and Norman). Many basilian monasteries can be found around and above rivers where rafting and canyoning is possible. Climbing and walking in the waters of the Alcantara and Sirina canyon is a lifetime experience. Catania, the "black city", is one of the 10 most populated cities in Italy and is renowned for its late baroque style and for romans ruins such as the amphitheater, the roman baths, the odeon, the byzantine ruins like Cappella Bonajuto.
Palermo is the capital city of Sicily and it perfectly combines Byzantine elements as in the Ammiraglio church (also called “della Martorana”), Arab elements as in the quarter of Maqueda street, Norman elements as in the Cathedral, oriental elements as in the Palazzina Cinese and liberty elements as in aristocratic palaces. The multicoloured town-centre is beautiful and the largest in the Mediterranean area. There are many amazing archaeological sites in Sicily which include six UNESCO World Heritage Sites: the archaeological area of Agrigento, the Roman Villa del Casale nearby Piazza Armerina, the city of Syracuse , the Necropolis of Pantalica, the Baroque towns of the Val di Noto like Ragusa and the Aeolian Islands.
Caltanissetta, land of “Amaro Averna”, has plenty of history in the archaeological site of Sabucina, in the Sulfur mines with the Mineralogical Museum and in its Cathedral Santa Maria La Nova with the flemish paintings by Borremans. Enna, with its main historical monuments such as the Lombardia or Euno Castle , the Rocca di Cerere and the Cathedral of Maria SS. della Visitazione , is famous especially during the Holy Week with its many hooded confraternities processions to follow. Trapani, famous for its saline, red tuna and coral.